Art and Science in Thyssen Museum Madrid

 

Ten selected pieces from the Thyssen´s collection that show how scientific advances have been in many cases the engine and influence for the arts since the late twentieth century. Humanism, industrialization, theories of color and light, the discovery of landscapes and species, botany, fauna, ... the search for answers and the questions to understand the world and how nature works is a feature shared between scientists and artists, and the exhibition portrays these connections.

The limits of the universe, the natural sciences, the wildlife, were the main focus of work of nineteenth century American artists, specialists in  landscapes as we can see in works such as Summer in the Catskills, by James McDougal Hart, in South American Landscape, by Frederic Edwin Church, or the  magnificent Orchid and Hummingbird, painted by Martin Johnson Heade.

 

 

 

After this first group of works, there is a serie devoted to the scientific theories of color and light, in which the French painters of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century were great specialists: Matisse, Seurat's followers as Signat, Fauvism, the futurist with Gino Severini and his paint Expansion of Light, centrifugal and centripetal, or the work of Sonia Delaunay Simultaneous Contrasts, are examples in the exhibition of these chromatic studies and treatises on optics.

 

 

 

In a third section appears three-dimensional concept, with whom the artists attempted to create new spatial dimensions in relation with the modern geometric theories chased by the avant-garde artists: the fourth dimension of the Cubists, the total representation searched by masters as Picasso, Max Weber - with Terminal Station or Grand Central-Kupka, with Location of mobile graphics.

 

 

 

Art and Science is located in the lookout balcony on the first floor of the Thyssen Museum until September 27, 2015.

The CEART opens this Thursday, November 14th in the room A an exhibition dedicated to this master of photography, which will be open to the public until February 9th. The show includes one of the artist's latest projects, focused on the hard work carried out by the miners of Serra Pelada, an open gold mine in the heart of Brazil where employees daily risked their lives.

Immigration, poverty, marginal life, slave labour, man's relationship with the land, the use of natural resources... are issues that have always fascinated Salgado. From the beginning of his career as a photographer, his work has opted to give visibility to the most disadvantaged groups and to create with his images a vivid and impressive visual story without fakes. With a raw black and white, this author's work transits between photo-reportage and naturalistic photography.

And the idea that permeates all his work is human dignity. Salgado portrays employees, miners and gatherers from a purely humanistic approach that wants to value their integrity, their strength and their resilience.

“If you photograph a human, so that he is not represented in a noble way, there is no reason to take the picture. That is my way of seeing things.”

Salgado entered this discipline long after completing his studies in economics between Brazil and the United States, and a doctorate in statistics in France. But in 1973 his life took a turn, and he decided to start his career as a photographer. He achieved to work at the Gamma Agency and Magnum Photos for more than 15 years until in 1994 he founded his own agency “Amazonas Imagen”.

With the “Gold” project, the photographer portrays a harsh reality that takes place in the Serra Pelada mine, a name given to a totally devastated and anarchically excavated mining enclave, the world's largest open-pit gold mine, through which more than 50,000 people have passed. In the heat of the legends about the mysterious “El Dorado”, the enthusiasm for this precious metal led to the development of strenuous exploitation practices for the workers and to originate tales of grief and glory, of human victory and defeat between the soil, the tunnels and the cargo baskets.

The CEART exhibition brings together Salgado's full portfolio in his characteristical black and white and large-format photographs that leave no one indifferent.