De Chirico in Barcelona: his artistic career in 150 arworks



The Enigma of a day, 1914




Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978), italian painter original from Greece, studied in Greece, Italy and Germany. Among others, he was influenced by ancient greco-roman civilisation, Renaissance architecture and by Nietzsche and Schopenhauer philosophy. He kept himself apart from parisian avant-gardes in order to develop his own artistic style.




The appearance (drawing), 1917




He was a pioneer in Metaphysics painting, that recreated mysterious atmospheres by situating common objects out of their contexts. Metaphysic painting was the Surrealism predecessor, it reminds Dali´s paintings. Gloomy, melancholic, devastating scenes where sharp perspectives suggest irreal shadows. There, there is no trace of life or people but classical sculpture and mannequins that convey a feeling of loneliness and silence. De Chirico lived in Ferrara, Italy, that became a ‘metaphysic city´. Chirico´s partners in this current were his own brother Alberto Savinio (Andrea De Chirico) and his friend Carlo Carrá.




The disquieting muses, 1917




The exhibition, organized in cooperation with the ‘Giorgio e Isa de Chirico Foundation´, is curated by Katherin Robinson, from this Foundation, and by Mariastella Margozzi, from the National Gallery (Roma). It is based on six thematic areas that involve the key points of De Chirico´s career, one of the most relevant painters in 20th century. The themes he works on are metaphysics, classical iconography, portraits and urban landscapes, studies about great masters of art and the neo-metaphysics, from which he reinterprets his first artworks, being inspired by Niestzche´s eternal return concept.





The disquieting muses (guilded bronze), 1968




In parallel with the exhibition, other educational activities can be enjoyed at CaixaForum Barcelona, such us one talk with the curators or guided visits to adults or families. De Chirico´s artwork will be exhibited until the 22nd of October.




The Dioscuri, 1974




The CEART opens this Thursday, November 14th in the room A an exhibition dedicated to this master of photography, which will be open to the public until February 9th. The show includes one of the artist's latest projects, focused on the hard work carried out by the miners of Serra Pelada, an open gold mine in the heart of Brazil where employees daily risked their lives.

Immigration, poverty, marginal life, slave labour, man's relationship with the land, the use of natural resources... are issues that have always fascinated Salgado. From the beginning of his career as a photographer, his work has opted to give visibility to the most disadvantaged groups and to create with his images a vivid and impressive visual story without fakes. With a raw black and white, this author's work transits between photo-reportage and naturalistic photography.

And the idea that permeates all his work is human dignity. Salgado portrays employees, miners and gatherers from a purely humanistic approach that wants to value their integrity, their strength and their resilience.

“If you photograph a human, so that he is not represented in a noble way, there is no reason to take the picture. That is my way of seeing things.”

Salgado entered this discipline long after completing his studies in economics between Brazil and the United States, and a doctorate in statistics in France. But in 1973 his life took a turn, and he decided to start his career as a photographer. He achieved to work at the Gamma Agency and Magnum Photos for more than 15 years until in 1994 he founded his own agency “Amazonas Imagen”.

With the “Gold” project, the photographer portrays a harsh reality that takes place in the Serra Pelada mine, a name given to a totally devastated and anarchically excavated mining enclave, the world's largest open-pit gold mine, through which more than 50,000 people have passed. In the heat of the legends about the mysterious “El Dorado”, the enthusiasm for this precious metal led to the development of strenuous exploitation practices for the workers and to originate tales of grief and glory, of human victory and defeat between the soil, the tunnels and the cargo baskets.

The CEART exhibition brings together Salgado's full portfolio in his characteristical black and white and large-format photographs that leave no one indifferent.