Mondrian, genius of Neoplasticism

 

 

Piet Mondrian, Oostzijdse Mill in the evening (1908)

 

 

 

This year is the De Stijl avant-garde movement centenary, of which Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) was the most relevant figure. It embraced an abstract aesthetic centered in basic visual elements such as geometric forms and primary colors. It underlined the relationship between painting and architecture, and enhanced graphic design as a way to experiment in plastic, as well as industrial and furniture design. These arts approach aesthetic experience to everyday uses.

 

 

 

Piet Mondrian. Composition Nº IV (1914)

 

 

 

Piet Mondrian´s retrospective will leed visitors to Amsterdam, Paris, London and New York, great world cities where Mondrian could give free rein to his genius. After graduating from the Rijksacademie (State Academy of Fine Arts) in Amsterdam, he exhibited a talent for drawing at an early age. It was there when he made his name as a landscape painter, he felt liberated from tradition and able to experiment with a different palette. In Paris, he approached to Cubism, what encouraged him to attempt greater abstraction with planes and colours, horizontals and verticals. Mondrian lived in London and later in New York, places where he worked so hard and where he participated in modern urban lives.

 

 

 

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Large Red Plane, Yellow, Black, Gray and Blue (1921)

 

 

 

Visitors will have the chance of seeing the last of Mondrian´s creations `Victory, Boogie-Woogie´, which he could not conclude. The exhibition is framed in the 100 years of De Stijl event commemoration. Because of this, The Hague Gemeentemuseum will offer in this contest up to three exhibitions in honour of the revolutionary spirits of De Stijl Movement. These exhibitions can be visited until the end of the summer.

 

 

 


Piet Mondrian, Victory Boogie-Woogie (1942-1944)

 

 

The CEART opens this Thursday, November 14th in the room A an exhibition dedicated to this master of photography, which will be open to the public until February 9th. The show includes one of the artist's latest projects, focused on the hard work carried out by the miners of Serra Pelada, an open gold mine in the heart of Brazil where employees daily risked their lives.

Immigration, poverty, marginal life, slave labour, man's relationship with the land, the use of natural resources... are issues that have always fascinated Salgado. From the beginning of his career as a photographer, his work has opted to give visibility to the most disadvantaged groups and to create with his images a vivid and impressive visual story without fakes. With a raw black and white, this author's work transits between photo-reportage and naturalistic photography.

And the idea that permeates all his work is human dignity. Salgado portrays employees, miners and gatherers from a purely humanistic approach that wants to value their integrity, their strength and their resilience.

“If you photograph a human, so that he is not represented in a noble way, there is no reason to take the picture. That is my way of seeing things.”

Salgado entered this discipline long after completing his studies in economics between Brazil and the United States, and a doctorate in statistics in France. But in 1973 his life took a turn, and he decided to start his career as a photographer. He achieved to work at the Gamma Agency and Magnum Photos for more than 15 years until in 1994 he founded his own agency “Amazonas Imagen”.

With the “Gold” project, the photographer portrays a harsh reality that takes place in the Serra Pelada mine, a name given to a totally devastated and anarchically excavated mining enclave, the world's largest open-pit gold mine, through which more than 50,000 people have passed. In the heat of the legends about the mysterious “El Dorado”, the enthusiasm for this precious metal led to the development of strenuous exploitation practices for the workers and to originate tales of grief and glory, of human victory and defeat between the soil, the tunnels and the cargo baskets.

The CEART exhibition brings together Salgado's full portfolio in his characteristical black and white and large-format photographs that leave no one indifferent.